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People's opinion of climate policy - Popular support for climate policy alternatives in Norway

Marino, Marit Sjøvaag, Ericson, Torgeir, Bjørge, Nils Erik, Garnåsjordet, Per Arild, Karlsen, Håkon T, Rees, Daniel, Randers, Jørgen (Working Paper;2012:03)

How can we evaluate whether national climate policies are sufficient? Which moral principles should be the basis of our policy efforts? The answers to these questions are central to the development of any climate policy framework, but not always made explicit in daily political discourse. In this ar...

Sosioøkonomiske virkninger av klimaendringer: Metoder for å anslå virkninger på aggregert nivå

Hans Asbjørn Aaheim (Working Paper;2003:05)

I denne rapporten drøftes metoder for å beregne samfunnsøkonomiske virkninger av klimaendringer med eksempler fra Hordaland fylke. Utgangspunktet for beregningene er anslag over klimaendringer fra RegClim prosjektet. Med bakgrunn i kunnskap om sammenhengen mellom økonomisk aktivitet og klima på disa...

Assessing compliance with the Kyoto Protocol: Expert reviews, inverse modelling, or both?

Rypdal, Kristin, Stordal, Frode, Jan S. Fuglestvedt, Terje K. Berntsen (Working Paper;2003:07)

The Kyoto Protocol has an ambitious reporting and review system to assess nations’ compliance with their emission commitments. This system requires considerable resources to assure that the Parties report accurate emission inventory data. In spite of this, there is a danger that Parties consciously...

Can geological carbon storage be competitive?

Steffen Kallbekken, Asbjørn Torvanger (Working Paper;2004:05)

In this paper we review the literature on the costs and benefits of geological carbon storage and the estimates of greenhouse gas permit prices under the Kyoto Protocol commitment period and beyond. Combining these results for a set of circumstances, we find that in the near-term Carbon Capture and...

What's in a word? Conflicting interpretations of vulnerability in climate change research

O'Brien, Karen, Eriksen, Siri E H, Schjolden, Ane, Nygaard, Lynn P. (Working Paper;2004:04)

In this paper, we discuss two competing interpretations of vulnerability in the climate change literature and consider the implications for both research and policy. The first interpretation, which can be referred to as the “end point” approach, views vulnerability as a residual of climate change im...

Costs Savings of a Flexible Multi-Gas Climate Policy

Godal, Odd, Hans Asbjørn Aaheim, Jan S. Fuglestvedt (Working Paper;2004:03)

Current climate policies are based on the use of the Global Warming Potential (GWP) index to compare various greenhouse gases. Yet, from an economic point of view, more efficient methods exist. The purpose of this paper is to examine the potential cost savings from applying an efficient and more fl...

Green Electricity Market Development in the United States: Policy Analysis and Case Studies

Menz, Fredric C. (Working Paper;2004:02)

This paper reviews green electricity development in the United States, focusing on policies that have been enacted to promote green electricity. Green power is a term that refers to electricity generated from particular renewable energy sources including wind and solar power, geothermal, low-impact...

Market power with interdependent demand: Sale of emission permits and natural gas from the Former Soviet Union

Hagem, Cathrine, Mæstad, Ottar, Steffen Kallbekken, Hege Westskog (Working Paper;2004:01)

With implementation of the Kyoto Protocol, the Former Soviet Union countries, and Russia in particular, will most likely be able to exert market power in the emission permit market. However, since these countries are also big exporters of fossil fuels, their incentives to boost the permit price may...

Dominant agents and intertemporal emissions trading

Hagem, Cathrine, Hege Westskog (Working Paper;2004:11)

In this paper we analyze how restricting intertemporal trading by prohibiting borrowing of emission permits affects the ability of a dominant agent to exploit its market power, and the consequences this has for the cost-effectiveness of implementing an emissions target. We show that the monopolist c...

Climate change impacts on agricultural productivity in Norway

Twena, Michelle, Romstad, Bård, Asbjørn Torvanger (Working Paper;2004:10)

Climate change is likely to affect agricultural productivity. In this study, a biophysical statistical model is used to analyze the relationship between yields of potatoes, barley, oats and wheat per decare, and temperature (growing degree days) and precipitation, for the period 1958–2001 at county...